Born in 2000, Dui Hua’s Political Prisoner Database (PPDB) contains information about political and religious prisoners incarcerated in China since 1980. Using mostly open-source materials, Dui Hua collects information on non-violent:

  • Political dissidents: people imprisoned for expressing their opposition to one-party rule by exercising universally recognized rights to free speech and association and often charged with “endangering state security” crimes such as “subversion” and “incitement”
  • Religious practitioners: people persecuted for holding religious beliefs that are not officially sanctioned, including members of house churches and Falun Gong
  • Ethnic minorities: people labeled “splittists” and jailed for participating in cultural and pro-independence movements
  • Petitioners: people jailed for seeking redress to grievances related to land seizure, demolition, corruption, miscarriages of justice, and other issues

The purpose of the PPDB is to advance clemency and better treatment for at-risk detainees by analyzing trends in the persecution of individuals who exercise their universal human rights to free speech, association, and expression; documenting the treatment of political and religious prisoners in the criminal justice system; providing raw material for the drafting of prisoner lists of concern; and informing dialogue with government officials inside and outside China.

Names: 39,619

People Imprisoned: 6,904

Official reports: 16,139

Unofficial reports: 33,835

as of January 1, 2019

 

Total Prisoners 39619
Active 6904

 

Top Crimes

Organizing/using a cult to undermine implementation of the law 3568
Picking quarrels and provoking troubles 455
Endangering State Security – Inciting splittism 327
Disturbing social order 171
Endangering state security- Splittism;State Secrets;Espionage 372

 

Top Provinces

Sichuan 716
Liaoning 560
Xinjiang 775
Shandong 401
Tibet 340

 

Gender

M 2565
F 2212

 

Gender by Top Crimes

M F
Cult 1006 1801
Picking quarrels 204 156
Inciting splittism 130 33

The information above is based on information Dui Hua has obtained, the information does not represent all cases involving political prisoners in China.