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Chronology (1999-present)

After nine years advocating for prisoners of conscience as a private citizen, John Kamm established Dui Hua in 1999. Scroll down to learn more about some of Dui Hua’s accomplishments since then.



In November, 2017 Dui Hua and the Supreme People’s Court held its fifth juvenile justice exchange on reform of the juvenile trial system. The exchange was held on November 8-9 and was attended by over forty Chinese participants, including representatives from the Office of Juvenile Trials under the Supreme People’s Court’s Research Department and juvenile judges from courts across fifteen provinces in China.



Dui Hua welcomes the release of professor and attorney Chen Taihe (陈泰和), a leading voice for the adoption of the jury system in China. Dui Hua surpasses 34,000 political prisoners documented and 5,000 prisoners’ names raised with the Chinese government since its founding in 1999.




Dui Hua welcomes the release of American geologist Xue Feng (薛锋), who had been imprisoned for “illegally procuring state secrets” and was reunited with his family in Houston after his release.



Dui Hua holds an international symposium on women in prison with the Centre for Comparative and Public Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Hong Kong; Center for Criminal Procedure and Reform at Renmin University Law School; and Penal Reform International.




The Economist cites Dui Hua’s decade-long tally of Chinese executions as the “best figures available” on the country’s capital punishment statistics.



Dui Hua hosts its third Juvenile Justice Expert Exchange in partnership with China’s Supreme People’s Court. A Chinese delegation spends one week studying the juvenile systems in the San Francisco Bay Area.




Dui Hua expands its mission to include women in prison and juvenile justice.



At the invitation of the Supreme People’s Court, Dui Hua sends a delegation to Beijing and Qingdao for the second Juvenile Justice Expert Exchange.



China’s Supreme People’s Court travels to the United States to participate in its first Juvenile Justice Expert Exchange with Dui Hua. US Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy (center) meets with the delegation.




Dui Hua opens its Hong Kong office and establishes a Mass Incident Database to record popular unrest in China.




The UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights grants Dui Hua Special Consultative Status.



Executive Director John Kamm becomes the first businessman to win a MacArthur Fellowship, which recognizes “individuals who have shown extraordinary originality and dedication in their creative pursuits and a marked capacity for self-direction.” The program describes Kamm as a “human rights strategist.”



Executive Director John Kamm meets paroled Tibetan prisoner Takna Jigme Sangpo, marking both the release of the longest-serving Tibetan political prisoner and the first Chinese government-approved meeting between a foreigner and a prisoner under house arrest.



The US Department of State awards Dui Hua Founder & Executive Director John Kamm the Eleanor Roosevelt Award for Human Rights for engaging China in “results-oriented dialogue on human rights.”



Dui Hua establishes the Political Prisoner Database, which will grow to be the largest database of Chinese prisoners of conscience on the globe.



Credit: The New York Times Sunday Magazine


Dui Hua is incorporated as a nonprofit with the dual purpose of uncovering the names of prisoners of conscience in open-source publications and engaging the Chinese government about these prisoners.