Dui Hua Digest

In this issue of Digest, we discuss our recent trip to Cambridge, Massachusetts, home to two of America’s leading centers for China studies. Also of late, Dui Hua uncovered information about a Uyghur sent back to Xinjiang on suspicion of inciting splittism and a Hui Muslim imprisoned in Xinjiang for religious activities and an alleged affiliation with Tablighi Jamaat. Dui Hua history outlines the releases of Jigme Sangpo and “singing nuns” Ngawang Sangdrol and Phuntsog Nyridron.

PHOTO Executive Director John Kamm speaks at Commonwealth Club of California on Feb 10.

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Xinjiang State Security Trials Flat, Criminal Trials Soar in 2014

Xinjiang’s number of endangering state security trials did not show annual growth in 2014, but a 40% jump in all criminal trials indicated that the suppression of fundamental human rights intensified in the region during Xi Jinping’s “anti-terror” campaign. Three categories of crimes accounted for the bulk of the annual increase in criminal trials, namely, “obstructing social administrative order,” “infringing upon citizens’ personal and democratic rights,” and “endangering public safety.”

PHOTO A public sentencing in Xinjiang Ili Perfecture On May 27, 2014. Credit: voachinese.com

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Article 293: Deeming Free Speech Disorder in Internet Space

A growing list of Chinese people have been detained or charged under Article 293, “creating a serious disturbance,” for posts they made online. Chinese authorities expanded the crime, which also covers looting and brawls, to include Internet speech in September 2013. Perhaps the most well-known among the detained is lawyer Pu Zhiqiang. Critics have argued that targeting Internet speech undermines not only a fundamental right but an essential component of proper governance.

PHOTO Pu Zhiqiang. Credit: BBC

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Court Flaunting of Nian Bin Acquittal Raises Questions of Lessons Learned

The acquittal of Nian Bin that followed the death penalty review by China’s highest court has been hailed as a landmark victory after a hard-fought, eight-year struggle by Nian’s family and lawyers. Fujian’s provincial high court recently noted the “positive” legal and social impact of the case in its annual work report. It did not, however, discuss mistakes made, in particular how it ultimately approved a death sentence despite acknowledging that the case had insufficient evidence.

PHOTO Nian Bin reunites with family after his release in 2014. Credit: You Jingyou, Weibo

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Behind the Rarity of China’s Acquittals

For every 10,000 people tried in Chinese criminal courts in 2013, just seven were acquitted. Despite an incremental rise in 2013, the number of people found not guilty plummeted between 2000 and 2012. Chinese prosecutors have tended to attribute high acquittal rates to “judicial precision,” but a closer look at the justice process indicates that stability maintenance may play a bigger role.

PHOTO Credit: 163.com

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Featured Video: China’s Human Rights Diplomacy

Developments in China’s human rights diplomacy since June 4, 1989.

What We Do

Dui Hua is a nonprofit humanitarian organization that brings clemency and better treatment to at-risk detainees through promotion of universally recognized human rights in well-informed, mutually respectful dialogue with China.

We focus on four areas, with an aim to help at-risk detainees—political and religious prisoners, juvenile justice, women in prison, and selected issues in criminal justice. And we take a five-pronged approach, premised upon our belief that positive change is realized through constructive dialogue—advocacy, expert exchange, research, publications, and community engagement.

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